The Belarus landscape
Belarus is a very green landscape. Natural vegetation covers 93.1% of the land, and 1/3 of all green landscape is forest.
In Belarus forests, 28 types of trees as well as around 70 types of shrubberies can be found. They include:
- - birch (across the country)
- - pine (across the country)
- - conifers (northern areas)
- - oak (southern areas)
There are many lakes in the northern regions of Belarus, and the Polesye marshland around the Pripyat River in the south.
Several areas of land in Belarus which contain unique landscape, rare plants and animal species have been designated as National Parks and are protected by the State.
Belarus is home to a huge array of wild animals and birds, many of them rare species.
Around 76 species of vertebrate animals have been recorded in Belarus, including:
- - elks
- - deer
- - wild boar
- - beavers
- - wolves
There are also around 300 species of bird in Belarus.
The Belarus Red Book was created to protect rare and vanishing species of plants and animals. Currently protected and recorded within the Red Book are:
- 17 mammal species
- 72 bird species
- 4 amphibian species
- 10 types of fish
- 72 types of insects
A large number of wildlife reserves and sanctuaries have been set up across Belarus to protect its rich diversity of wildlife.
National Parks and conservation
There are five National Parks in Belarus, protected by the State. Their work has been recognised and supported by UNESCO.
The Belavezhskaya Pushcha park is in the Brest region, 340km to the south-west of Minsk. There are records of reserve work in the locality dating back centuries. UNESCO granted the park World Heritage Site status in 1992, and Biosphere Reserve status in 1993.
Belavezhskaya Pushcha park is home to many ancient oak trees dating back more than 500 years, as well as venerable ash, pine and fir trees.
There are also significant animal and bird populations here, including the world’s largest population of the rare European bison and the greater spotted eagle.
Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve
Braslavskiye Ozera National Park
Narachansky National Park
Narachansky National Park, in the Minsk region of Belarus was established in 1999.
More than a third of its 94,000 hectares are forest, home to the majority of the country’s pine trees.
The park is a recreational reserve, popular with anglers for its large, well-stocked lakes. It’s also famous for its natural springs and has 18 sanatoria and recuperation centres.
Pripyatsky National Park
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